The Blessed Tree: The Prophet’s Lineage-Hāshim

By Sheikh Idris Watts


His name was ‘Amr al-‘Ulā because of his high rank amongst the people. Some said that his name was ‘Umar. He was known as Abū al-Baṭḥā’.  He was nicknamed Hāshim because in one time of famine, he served the people Tharīd.[1] When they were in times of difficulty, he would travel to Palestine and buy much flour and cake. Then when he arrived in Makkah he would tell the people to prepare bread with it and he would sacrifice camels and make Tharīd for them. He would continue to do so until the people could support themselves again. It is related that the light of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, could be seen in his face and no monk or rabbi would pass by except that they would kiss his hand. The Arab and Jewish tribes would offer their daughters to him and it is related that even Heraclius offered him his daughter after knowing his progeny would carry prophecy from his readings of the Evangel but he refused.[2] The families of Zuhra and Taym gathered around Hāshim and demanded that he take the responsibilities of the city for himself and his family. Makhzum stood by the children of ‘Abd ad-Dar. Hāshim and his brothers were brought a bowl of rich perfume and they dipped their hands into it and rubbed it over the Ka’ba as a symbol of their loyalty to one another. They became known as ‘The Scented Ones’. The ones who bore allegiance to ‘Abd ad-Dar became to be known as ‘The Confederates’. The two sides decided to fight one another but they had to go outside the holy precinct for several miles. Eventually they came to a compromise because each family did not want to kill each other. They decided to share the responsibilities of the city. The sons of ‘Abd al-Manāf would take the responsibility of the levying the tax and providing the pilgrims with food and drink whilst the sons of ‘Abd ad-Dār would retain the keys and other responsibilities alongside the House of Assembly. Hāshim established the caravan journeys from Makkah to Yemen in the winter and Palestine and Syria in the summer. He would go north, his brother ‘Abd ash-Shams would go east to Abyssinia in the winter, his brother Nawfal would go to Persia in the summer and al-Muṭṭalib would go to Yemen in the winter. No other Arab could travel to these places in safety unless they travelled in these brothers’ names. Hāshim married a woman from Yathrib called Salmah from the tribe of Najjār, who would become the people who greeted the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, when he arrived into Madīnah. She told him on marrying her that she stipulated that she wanted all her affairs to remain in her hands and that her son Shaybah remain with her in Yathrib until he be fourteen. Hāshim would stay with her and his sons on the way North with his caravans. Hāshim eventually died in Gaza; Palestine. He was the first of ‘Abd Manāf’s sons to pass away. He passed away at the age of 20 or 25.  It is related that Hāshim inherited his father’s wife Wāqidah but she is not from the lineage of the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings be upon him. It is related that both he and ‘Abd ash-Shams were twins and that Hāshim’s toe was stuck to ‘Abd ash-Shams’ forehead in the womb and it was not removed except that it caused blood to flow and so the people said that there would be bad blood between them. In fact, there was rivalry between him and ‘Abd ash-Shams’ son Umayyah for Umayyah was jealous of him and he always competed in doing just as much as Hāshim. The Quraysh began to mock Umayyah for doing so, and so Umayyah called Hāshim forth to compete in the glory over each one’s fetes. They called a seer from the tribe of Khuzā’ah. Hāshim said, “I will compete with you over 50 black eyed camels which will be slaughtered in Makkah and that the loser will be expelled from Makkah for ten years.” Umayyah agreed. Both men went out of Makkah in a troop and hid from sight from the seer and then the seer declared that Hāshim was greater in fetes than Umayyah. Then Hāshim slaughtered the camels and fed the people and Umayyah was forced to live in Shaam for the next 10 years. It is related that his progeny still carried resentment for that so they killed Ḥusayn and the progeny of ‘Abbās in the year 133 IE.

[1] He was the first to do this after his forefather Abraham, peace be upon him. Some said that Quṣayy used to do this amongst the Quraysh and ‘Amr b. Luḥayy was the first from Khuzā’ah and Hāshim was the first to do it in times of drought.
[2] Related by Zarqānī

Picture: ZamZam TV

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